|Year of Conviction||1982|
|Year of Exoneration||2002|
|Testing inculpated culprit||Cold Hit|
|State of Conviction||Virginia|
|Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty Plea||Trial|
|Type of Crime||Rape|
|Gender of Exoneree||Male|
|Race of exoneree||Black|
|Type of Innocence Defense|
|Description / Quotes from Testimony Concerning Defense|
● Defendant’s mother and her neighbor both saw defendant washing car at the time of the crime. ● Defendant’s girlfriend testified she was with him on the night of the crime.
|Did the defendant testify at trial?||No|
|Types of evidence at trial|
|Type of Forensic Evidence|
|Types of Flawed Forensics|
|Brief Quote / Description of Testimony|
Due to the phenomenon of masking and quantification, “there would be no one eliminated” by the serological results.
|Identity of eyewitness|
Yes ● Suggestive line-up – the photo of Anderson was the only color photo and the only one with an employee number ● Not told that the attacker might not be in the array
|Quotes from testimony #1|
Detective: Q. Now isn’t it true that that photograph was an employee identification photograph from Kings Dominion? A. Uh, it was a one-on-one photograph of the I.D. card, yes, sir. A. Yes, sir. Now isn’t it true that that photograph had either a social security number or some type of employee number on the face of it and that made it completely different from the other photographs, sir? A. Yes, sir. Q. Now just before the line-up or during the line-up, had you told, uh, Miss Gardner anything? A. Did I tell her anything? Q. Yes, sir. A. I asked her to go in and look at the seven people in the room to see if she could identify the man that committed the crime. Q. So did you tell her that the suspect had been arrested? A. We asked her to go in and look at the people in the line-up to see if she could pick out the suspect.
No ●Discrepancy in description, including facial hair and height
|Highest level reached||NR|